Last week, the ACT released its annual report assessing students’ performance. Detailed breakdowns were included to show where students are improving and where they’re still struggling to achieve in high school. We want to highlight a few interesting national and Virginia trends that parents and students should be aware of.
The ACT has been in the news many times over the past few years for surpassing the SAT in popularity nationwide. More than 1.8 million students – 57% of all graduates – took the ACT last year, the highest number ever. However, this national picture may be slightly misleading. Several states such as Illinois, Michigan, and North Carolina require all students to take the ACT, and the test has traditionally been most popular in the Midwest. While this has been evolving, states in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic still tend to favor the SAT. In Virginia, only 28% of graduates took the ACT.
The ACT defines performance benchmarks on each test section, designed to predict a student’s ability to succeed in typical freshman-level college courses like composition, college algebra, and biology. These benchmarks were recently revised to include the following scores on the ACT’s 1-36 scale:
|ACT Section||Benchmark Score|
A student scoring at or above each benchmark has a 50% chance of obtaining a B or higher, and a 75% chance of earning at least a C in the related freshman course.
|ACT Section||Students Above Benchmark (USA)|
The poor performance on the Math and Science sections is particularly troubling, given the emphasis being placed on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) programs in higher education.
Virginia did exhibit better performance than the nation as a whole. Virginia’s composite score was 22.8 out of 36, 1.8 points higher than the national average of 21.0. Virginia students also met or exceeded the ACT’s benchmarks at a higher rate across the board:
|ACT Section||Students Above Benchmark (Virginia)|
|English||76% (12% more)|
|Math||57% (14% more)|
|Reading||58% (14% more)|
|Science||49% (12% more)|
The relative unpopularity of the ACT in Virginia may be contributing to these higher scores, however. With only 28% of Virginia’s students taking the ACT, it’s likely that many students who struggle in high school elect not to take the test at all.
The ACT report includes a great deal of other interesting information, including breakdowns of student performance by ethnicity, high school curriculum, and career interests. We encourage you to read the report to stay informed about this increasingly popular test!